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Junior firefighters online exhibition

Welcome to our Junior Firefighters online exhibition! You will learn more about fire safety and what firefighters do.


What is fire?


Fire is light and heat that comes from a chemical reaction. Along with fire comes smoke which is a gas made up of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen. You will also find char which is nearly pure carbon, and ash which is all the unburnable minerals in the wood. 

Why can fire be dangerous?

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Fires can be dangerous to humans, animals, and plant life. They can burn and damage plants and animals, cause erosion, and open up areas to the impacts of feral animal invasion, human interference and vandalism.

How can we stop fires?

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Fires can be stopped by removing its fuel, oxygen or heat. We can remove the fuel source by draining it or taking it away, the oxygen by smothering the fire, and the heat by absorbing it with water. Fire extinguishers are often used to control fires by discharging water, foams, carbon dioxide, dry chemicals and other substances. Firefighters help put out all kinds of fires – from kitchen fires to bushfires. 

What causes fire?

Camp Fire

You need 3 things to create a fire. Heat, fuel, and oxygen.

  1. Heat can include a match, focused light, friction, lightning, or something else that is already burning.

  2. Fuel can be wood, or coal.

  3. And oxygen is all around us in the air we breathe.

Why can fires be good?

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Fire is useful to us for lighting, heating and cooking. It can also be beneficial to the environment when managed correctly. Many Aboriginal peoples have been using controlled fire for thousands of years to create easier access through thick and prickly vegetation, encourage new growth, encourage the development of useful food plants, and for cooking, warmth, signalling, and spirituals practices.

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Fire Triangle


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Firefighters do more than just putting out fires, they also rescue people, provide basic first aid, educate people on fire safety, and help communities recover after storms and floods. Within New South Wales we have organisations such as Fire and Rescue NSW and the Rural Fire Service. 

Who are Firefighters and what do they do?

How can they help me?

Firefighters have lots of special equipment to put out fires and rescue people including tools, hoses, ladders, breathing devices, and heavy-duty uniforms. They can stop the fires or save you in rescue situations such as car crashes and collapsed buildings. 


Firefighters wear a specialized uniform that protects them in a fire. Their uniforms weigh 20-30kg and have several layers to stop the fire and steam from burning them. They wear special helmets that have in-built radio communications, and visors to protect their faces. Their uniform and helmets are neon yellow and have reflective elements on them so that they can be easily seen when visibility is low. Although you might see some firefighters wearing different coloured helmets including red for captains, and black for the commissioner. They also wear boots, gloves, a flash hood and an air set. 

Have a look at these photos on the right that show an old and new firefighters uniform!

Timeline of Firefighter Uniforms

Emergency Vehicles

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What makes fire appliances different from other vehicles? 

Fire appliances are specially made to aid firefighters in their fire and rescue duties. They are tailored for all sorts of weather and terrain.

What features do fire trucks have that assists you in fighting fires?

They have lots of tools and there are different types of specialty vehicles suited for different firefighting and rescue scenarios, including vehicles fitted with water tanks, hazmat capabilities, ladders, and more!

What kinds of vehicles do firefighters use?



These are vehicles that pump water out at high pressure.

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These vehicles are mounted with an extendable boom that enables firefighters to reach high locations.



These appliances are unlike the others. They get used in special circumstances. E.g. skidoos, drones, firefloats

Emergency Services and Contacts

What do I do if there's a fire?

Shout Fire! Fire! Fire!

This will warn others of the fire so they can get to safety.

Get down low and go go go

Smoke rises so by getting down low it will help protect you.

Shut the doors behind you

Shutting the doors will help stop the spread of fire and smoke.

Go to your safe meeting place

By going to your safe meeting place you can ensure everyone is out of the building.

Get out and stay out

Never go back inside the burning building once you are outside.

Call triple zero '000'

You can call 000 from a mobile or neighbour's phone and make sure to give them your address.

Wait for Emergency Services to arrive

Once firefighters arrive they will make sure you and your family are safe, and they will put out the fire.

Watch these videos to learn more about fire safety

Take a look at what the communication centre used to look like in 1909 compared to now!

This project was funded by Create NSW